Cheile Bicazului – Hasmas National Park

Cheile Bicazului – Hasmas National Park (Bicaz)

1. Location


 Cheile Bicazului – Hăşmaş (Bicaz Gorges – Hăşmaş Mountains) National Park is located in north-eastern Romania, in the Eastern Carpathians mountain chain. The reservation territory is part of Neamţ and Harghita counties. The most important points in the national park are Lacul Rosu, Bicaz river canyon and Hasmas mountains. Hasmas is 1792 m high. One of most beautiful peak view in the Romania country. The park area of 6575 ha is divided into two zones: the special conservation zone (78%), and the protection zone (22%).




2. Principle atractions


Lacul Rosu is really an amazing place and it´s visited from Gheorgheni village. Bicaz canyon, by other hand is visited from Bicaz village, in the other extreme of the park.  


Route nr. 1 

The Pangarati Path (1255) – the Loduj Saddle (1325) – the Medias Peak (1445) – the vf. Calului Clearing (1500) – the Ciofronca Clearing (1550) – La Tunzerie (1435) – the touristic crossroad at Poiana Alba (1460) – Poiana Alba (1500) – Curmatura (1650) – the Curmatura Saddle (1465) – the Lonely Stone Chalet (1504) – the Ecem Crevice(1690) – the Ecem Peak (1690) – the Lic Saddle (1525) – the Tarcau Peak (1418) – the Tarcau Saddle (1297)

Marking: the red line

Duration: 8 hours. 
Distance: 22 km. 
Level difference: 435 m, and in wintertime it is difficult to take this route. It should be divided into two parts.

The route starts from the Pangarati Path (1255 m) DN 12C. From the road that climbs the western slope of the crest there is a nice scenery showing a great part of the Gheorgheni Basin. After 15 minutes of climbing we pass by the sheep pen of the Loduj Saddle. From here cars cannot pass forth. There follows a short distance of even surface, then there begins the climbing of the Medias Peak. After 1.5 km the road bends to the left right before the Peak and heads eastwards in the direction of Vf. Calului Clearing. It is also from here that the red cross marked route starts. After six hours of walk, having passed through Covacipeter, the Saratura Hill, the Highesul Corner and the Black Mountain, the route reaches Izvorul Muresului. 
After 800 meters we reach the Vf. Calului Clearing where we have to change direction right under the peak, towards south. After a long climb of 1.5 km we reach the spring from the Ciofronca Clearing. From here it is worth making a detour on an unmarked route to the Ciofronca Peak, from where we can get a bird’s eye view of the whole route and the surrounding mountains. After we leave the Ciofronca Clearing by walking 200 meters and passing by a pen, we go downhill towards the swampy clearing of Tunzerie. We walk for another 600 meters on DJ 125, then we leave it and after another 650 meters we reach the tourist crossroad from Poiana Alba. From here we can continue our walk in 3 directions : on the blue line marking through the valley of the Oaia brook, reaching Lacu Rosu (route nr. 9), the blue dot leads us also to Lacu Rosu, through the Tausor Clearing and the Clearing of Paleu (route nr. 8) and the crest route of the Hasmasul Mare Mountain, marked with a red line, leads to the Lonely Stone and the Tarcau Saddle. From Poiana Alba we keep walking towards south – east, we pass by a mineral water brook and a pen and we start climbing the rocky road towards the upper plateau of Poiana Alba. From here we can make a 1 km detour eastwards, on an unmarked path, to Teleacul Mare (1698 m) and to Groapa Ursilor (Bears’ Ditch) (1650 m, 57 m depth). We leave the plateau towards the south. Before reaching the Kupu spring, near a small lake the marking descends in the valley of the Fierul brook. From here one can reach on an unmarked path the village Trei Fantani (Three Wells), which is at a 5 km distance. We continue our route on the road marked with the red line towards the Dantiasul Peak. The tourist route gradually goes uphill. This is the biggest ascent on the route and it ends in the Hasmasul Mare Path. It is worth making a detour on the Hasmasul Mare Peak (1792 m), on an unmarked road of 800 meters westwards. After 500 meters we walk through the clearing, then the road enters a forest. After 600 meters we reach close to the edge of the rock wall from where we have a rarely seen view. We enter the forest again and we descend on the Curmatura Saddle. We pass under the Lonely Stone and in less than 15 minutes we arrive at the chalet. From here we have several options to continue our way: on the blue line marking to Balan ; on the red triangle through the valley of the Sep brook, also to Balan ; on the marking of the main crest, the red line, through the Ecem Peak to the Tarcaului Saddle, and then on the crest of Ciucului Mountains. We will take this latter option. After 400 meters we pass through the saddle from the direction of the Lonely Stone and the Shepherd Peak, then we climb on the clearing of the Ecem Peak. Once here it is worth going to the edge of the rock, to the point of belvedere from the secondary peak (1696m). After 600 meters we reach the Ecem Peak (1707 m) which is also a belvedere point. We continue our walk towards south east and we reach the forest, after we descend in the Lic Saddle. From here to the Tarcau Saddle we must pay attention because the markings are old and scarce. After about 1.5 km we reach above the Saddle and we only have 900 meters more to descend and we reach the border of the Hasmas Mountain, the Tarcau Saddle. 

Route nr. 2

The center of the Lacu Rosu resort (967 m) – The Stone Balcony (1007 m)- The Road of Marton Ferenc – the trout pond (993m)- the landing place (983 m)- the center of the Lacu Rosu resort (967 m) (a cyclical route)

Marking: red cross

Duration: 1 hour. 
Distance: 3,5 km. 
Level difference: 40 meters, easy walk.

We start from the Lacu Rosu restaurant. Here, between the restaurant and the general stores is the place where the resort’s routes converge. Behind the Lacu Rosu Motel, on a well trodden path we enter the forest. Then the one and only slope of the route comes. After about 250 meters of climbing we reach the Stone Balcony. It is one of the most beautiful belvedere points of the resort, at about 15 – 20 meters above the water surface. After the Stone Balcony the path still rises a little and then parallels the banks of the lake and we can descend to its edge. Here the blue cross and the red cross markings separate. Our marking leads us along the Suhard Brook towards Piatra Licas. The route continues on a forester road named after Ferenc Marton, citizen of Gheorgheni, the one who built this road. The next point worth to be mentioned is the Stone Gate. This gate, similarly to its counterpart from the Bicaz Gorges, got its present shape after the explosions performed to build the road. From the Stone Gate we have to walk only a few hundred meters until we reach the trout pond. From here there is an asphalt road through the forest up to the Bors Villa (about 300 m). The wooden bridge at the end of the lake once crossed the Small Lake (Lacul Mic) but this lake has in the meantime been filled with alluvion. There is undergrowth now where the lake had once been. We follow the marking on the east bank and after 800 meters we reach the Villa Debarcader (Ranova) From the landing place we can rent boats for 4 – 6 people in the May – September period and we can go boating on the lake. The route comes to its end with the crossing of the natural barrage that closed the valley, crashing down from the Ghilcos Stone. Passing by the souvenir sellers we reach our point of departure.

Route nr. 3

The center of the Lacu Rosu resort (967 m) – The Bucur Villa (990 m) – The Suhard Chalet (1091 m)- The Suhard Saddle (1202)- the Suhardul Mic Peak(1345 m)

Marking: the blue triangle

Duration: 1 1/4 hours. 
Distance: 3 km. 
Level difference: 378m, accessible all year round.


We start the route in front of the Lacu Rosu restaurant. We walk the first 200 m on the DN 12C, then we cross the Bicazul bridge and we head towards the Bucur Villa.
The villa is the oldest tourist building in the resort, built in 1926. It was with this building that touristic activity started in the resort. A little farther the asphalt road ends and up to the Suhard Chalet we climb on a metalled road. From here the path leads us under the southern wall of the Suhardul Mic. It is from here that the alpinism routes start in different directions. The path rises to the Suhard Saddle. Here we come across the route marked with the yellow line. This road rises from the Cupas brook.
Before going forth toward the Suhardul Mic, we can take a side drift of about 1.1 km to the Suhardul Mare. From the Saddle, on an unmarked path, along the Suhard skislope we can reach to Suhardul Mare in 25 minutes. Suhardul Mare (1505m) is a point of belvedere.
From the Suhardul Saddle we pass through a forest and after 400 meters of steep slope we reach the Suhardul Mic Plateau. Here we come across a view of unique beauty on the resort, on the Valea Oii branch of Lacu Rosu and on the neighbouring peaks. With a little luck we will be able to see the chamois too. 

Route nr. 4

The center of the Lacu Rosu resort (967m) – the Bicaz Gorges – the gorges of Bicazul Mic – the road of Surduc – the Red Stone Saddle (1011 m) – Lacu Rosu (967 m) (a circular route)

Marking: a yellow line

Duration: 3-4 hours. 
Distance: 10 km. 
Level difference: 44m, accessible all year round.The crossing of Bicazul Mic in rainy weather or in winter/springtime can cause problems.

We start from the Lacu Rosu Restaurant. We walk the first few hundred meters across the inner-city area of the resort. After we pass by the entrance to the Raza Soarelui Villa, we descend to the Bicaz Gorges. The entrance to the Gorges is marked by the Turnul Portii and Fagetul Ciucului rocks. The Bicaz brook runs in a valley which is bordered by rock walls with a height between 100 and 350 meters. Right next to the entrance, on the left bank, there is the Fairies Garden, a specific rock formation, the favourite habitat for chamois. Opposite to it there starts the most important mountaineering route from Fagetul Ciucului, Lacrima Stancii (The Tear of the Rock). After a short while we reach the double bridge at the mouth of the Cupas brook (944m) which marks the start for the routes nr. 5 and 6, and at the same time the entry to the Cupas Canyon. The Suhard cave is nearby (route nr. 5). This is the only one known cave in the Suhardul Mic. On the next route segment DN 12C departs from the waters of Bicaz and winds between the Cupas and Fagetul Ciucului crests until it reaches the Stone Gate. The Stone Gate, similar to its counterpart near Lacu Rosu – has been formed as a result of the explosions used for road building. It is from here that route nr. 7 starts, a route leading to the resort, and it is also the starting point for route nr. 16 which leads to Piatra Maria. These routes start from Drumul Vararilor, a forester road to the right. From here one can already see the Stone of the Shrine, a rock formation where climbers often “hang” on the vertical wall. Then there come the small serpentines, the first two serpentines from the Bicaz Gorges. Here we pass by the only houses from the Gorges. At present the Marta Villa, some wooden houses and certain camping places are the only accomodation offers in the Gorges. The first to have been able to escaladate the difficult Stone of the Shrine were two young people from Brasov: Ervin Csallner and Waldemar Goldschmidt (1934), but the real hero is Zoltan Keresztes from Joseni, who climbed the wall barefooted and in Seckler folk costume. We leave the only inhabited place in the gorges (km 29) and we soon reach the old tunnel dug in the rock, next to which another, moder tunnel has been dug in recent years. Opposite to it, the water of Bicaz runs the biggest fall portions from the gorges, with numerous smaller waterfalls. The mouth of the Lapos brook is here too, the Surduc of which is one of the most spectacular routes (route nr. 15) in the region. After we leave the dark and wet tunnel there begins Serpentina Mare, on the northern slope of Piatra Maria. The road descends more than 50 meters. After Serpentina Mare there starts the Gate of Hell (Poarta Iadului) the point in which Piatra Maria and the Bardocz Wall almost touch each other. Only 150 meters lower is Tarnatul Iadului (Hell’s Porch). From here one can see The Stone of the Shrine, the Bardocz Wall, the Black Tower, the rocky formation of Piatra Maria and the rocks from Piatra Surducului. Here starts the trade zone of the gorges. From the unfinished bridge at the mouth of the Bicazul Mic brook (the so – called Bridge of the Hungarians) the marking leaves DN 12C and ascends to the Bicazul Mic Gorges. From here starts Hell’s Throat (Gatul Iadului), the narrowest portion of the Gorges, guarded on the right by Piatra Surducului and on the left by the Bardocz Wall. Over the left bank of Bicaz we can admire the Watchtower (Turnul de Paza) and the Stone Tent (Cortul de Piatra), two very interesting rock formations. Lower, to the right we can see the Reservation and the Lost World, two natural reservations, the last place of refuge for certain plants like Taxus baccata. This is a place accessible only for mountain climbers.
Under the Reservation, at kilometer stone nr. 31 is the narrowest point of the gorges, at only 800 meters from their edge. It has 2 benchmarks: the Waterfall cave to the left, above the last bridge of the gorges and a little lower the Maria spring.Leaving the gorges at the mouth of the Bardocz brook, we come across the Villa of Hell, an important place for accomodation, that burnt to the ground in the 1940s. If we follow the yellow line marking, we cross the bridge and continue our walk along the left bank of the Bicazul Mic brook. After 200 meters we reach the Bardocz brook.
In summertime, when the weather is fine, crossing is not a problem but in the other periods crossing can be difficult, if not impossible. The tourist path ascends on the right bank, under Piatra Surducului, among small cliffs. These cliffs are the result of the fall of a part of the cliff’s wall a few years ago. A steep ascent follows in a forested region, after which we reach the south – eastern slope of Piatra Surducului. After a few meters of side drift we can reach the belvedere point of Bicajel.
We come back to the yellow line marking and the path descends through a birch forest to the valley of the Cighenilor brook, which is full of waterfalls. From here we must climb 400 meters to reach the Surducului clearing. At this route segment the marking is almost non – existent. The rout ascends to the peak of Surducul Mic (950 m). At the place called Capraria we reach the old road of Surduc. After a comfortable 1 kilometer walk,taking a side drift to the south we reach again the valley of the Bicazul Mic brook. We can cross the brook at the southern end of its gorges on a small wooden bridge. We cross the small grove and climb the steep road of Surduc. Its route is difficult because of the fences, but at the end of the clearing we come across the forester road Bicajel. This place is called Poiana Vararilor by the local people, from here starts to the right the Vararilor Road, marked with the yellow triangle (route nr. 7). From here we ascend to the Red Stone Saddle (1011 m). We cross the saddle and we come back to Harghita county, and shortly after that to the Lacu Rosu resort. 

Route nr. 5

The mouth of the Cupas brook (944m) – the Cupas valley – the mouth of the Cupasul Mic brook (962 m) – the Road of Lapos (1435 m)

Marking: the blue dot

Duration: 2 hours. 
Distance: 7 km. 
Level difference: 491 meters, accessible on foot all year round, and accessible by car all year round, except for winter.

We start from the mouth of the Cupas brook, at a 1.8 km distance from the Lacu Rosu resort and we follow almost all the way through the Cupas forester road. At the beginning the blue dot and red cross markings go together. The road climbs smoothly through the Cupas gorges. To the right we pass by a stone and from here, at a distance of about 250 meters, the red cross marking leaves the forester road and ascends towards north on a wide path oriented northwards.
After we leave the gorges the valley becomes larger and after a few minutes we reach the forest district at the mouth of the Cupasul Mic brook. 180 meters higher, at the place where we can cross the brook easier, there begins the tourist path marked with a yellow line, that ascends to the Suhard Saddle. 600 meters higher the Cartofului brook flows into the Cupas, opposite a stone quarry. Higher, at the mouth of the Meterfa brook we pass by a hunting observation point. From here there is a forester road heading towards north. After 20 minutes we reach the mouth of the Danturas brook and after 800 meters the rebuilt segment of the route ends. From here we have a closed blue dot marking. The more and more steep forester road guides us for 1.4 km. It is followed by a a path that ascends steeply and leads us behind the Danturasul Stone, on the Lapos road, where we come across the tourist route marked by the blue line. From here we start southwards (to the left) and within 2 hours we reach the Pangarati Path. If we head towards north in 20 minutes we reach the La Vinkli Valley.

Route nr. 6

The mouth of the Cupas brook (944m) – The base of the Cupas mountain (1080 m)- the Bicaz Gorges (km 29) (850 m)

Marking: red cross
and from the base of the Cupas mountain, red dot

Duration: 1 oră. 
Distance: 3 km. 
Level difference: 136 m, easy walk.

As in the case of route nr. 5, we start from the mouth of the Cupas brook. On the first 400 meters we ascend the same road marked with the red cross, and blue dot, on the forester road in the valley of the brook. At 250 meters after the roadside stone cross we take a right turn and climb between the cliffs, on a wide path through the forested portion to the north. We soon come out of the cliffs and we reach to a village road. After about 500 meters of climbing from the last cliffs, in a small clearing we come across the red dot marking (route nr. 14) The place is called Coltul Cupasului or Fundul Cupasului.
The path descends towards south east to what once was the Cheile Bicazului chalet.
The route ends on DN 12C under the Stone of the Shrine. From here we can ascend to the Lacu Rosu resort (3 km) or descend to the edge of the Bicaz Gorges (2 km).

Route nr. 7

The Center of Lacu Rosu resort (967 m) – the Red Stone Saddle (1011 m) – Drumul Vararilor – the Tifra Saddle (1002 m) – the Bicaz Gorges (850m)

Marking: the yellow triangle

Duration: 1 hour. 
Distance: 3,5 km. 
Level difference: 44m, easy walk.

We start from the center of the resort on the route, which is an easy walk. We pass the DN 12C, and passing by the one and only block of flats in the resort we enter the Bicajel forester road. This road is mostly the same as the former road of Surduc. After a moderate ascent of 800 meters we reach the back of Raza Soarelui Villa, from where we have a lovely view on the cliffs from Suhardul Mic, the Fairies Garden and the southern and north – eastern wall of Fagetul Ciucului.
We soon reach the Red Stone Saddle and the St. John Orthodox Church, built not long ago. Up to this point, the yellow triangle, yellow line and red triangle markings go together (routes nr. 7, 4, 11). At the end of the skislope the red triangle marking continues its way towards south – east to the right. The yellow line and yellow triangle markings continue their way together. After the saddle we enter the region of Bicajel small village. We descend 700 meters up to the first important turning of the road, being already on the territory of Neamt county, here the two routes separate. The yellow line marking descends straight ahead on the almost impracticable road of Surduc, in the valley of Bicazul Mic. The yellow triangle marking turns to the left, on the Drumul Vararilor, towards north. We continue our way on the eastern slope of Fagetul Ciucului at the edge of the Flowers Clearing. We have 650 meters until we reach the Tifra Saddle (1002) From here we can climb an unmarked path to the Maria Stone belvedere point. The clearing soon ends and the road enters the forest reaching under the western wall of Maria Stone, under the mountaineering routes Ficsur and Derby 67. Here the road is closed by the rock falls. We have to descend for about 15 minutes until we reach DN 12C, between the Stone Gate and the Small Serpentines. The distance from the Lacu Rosu resort and this point is only 3 km long. 

Route nr. 8

Lacu Rosu(landing place) (983 m) – Paleu’s Clearing(1242 m) – the Red Beech (1390m) – the Szaraz Tok Clearing (1530m) – the Piatra Cherecului peak (1580 m) – the White Clearing (1460 m)

Marking: the blue dot

Duration: 4 1/2 hours. 
Distance: 10 km. 
Level difference: 597 meters, almost impracticable in wintertime.

We start from the Lacu Rosu landing place and we ascend for a few minutes to the Hasmasul Mare Villa. We ascend steeply in the forest until we reach the small houses under the Ghilcos Stone. We then walk to the Ghilcos Saddle (1270 m). From the Clearing of Paleu the rocky road turns towards south – east, alongside with the blue dot and red dot markings. After a few minutes, near the forester mark VIII/92 we reach to a road – fork. The red dot marking descends in less than 30 minutes into the valley of Oii brook, while we continue our way to the intersection of the White Clearing routes.
We continue our walk at the edge of the Red Beech clearing, and at its upper end we enter the forest. Here we suddenly turn to the left and we ascend 800 meters until we reach a dense forest. The Szaraz – Tok Clearing follows and from here we can take a side drift to the Three Entrance Cave, accessible only with mountaineering equipment. This cave is 100 meters westwards from the route.
We take a smooth 35 minutes walk upwards, until we reach a small clearing, where the road ends.. From here we take the path that ascends the saddle between the Hasmasul Negru and Piatra Cherecului (1580 m). From here the road goes towards south – west and passes under the Round Mountain peak in the Barsan Clearing. From here, with a side drift of 600 meters we can climb the Hasmasul Negru peak (1773 m). We descend the saddle for about 15 minutes and we reach the Barsan Clearing and after one more kilometer we reach the White Clearing, under the Horseshoe Clearing. From here, through the La Tunzerie Saddle and Ciofronca, the red line marking leads us to the Pangarati Path (route nr. 1), or in the opposite direction, through the Hasmasul Mare to the Lonely Stone chalet, or on the route with the blue line marking to the Lacu Rosu resort (route nr. 9). 

Route nr. 9

The center of Lacu Rosu resort (967 m) – the Sheep Valley – the mouth of the Hasmas brook (1130 m) – the Horseshoe Stone (1450 m) – the intersection of routes from the White Clearing (1460 m)

Marking: the blue line

Duration: 2 1/2 hours. 
Distance: 8 km. 
Level difference: 493 meters accessible all year round.


We start from the Lacu Rosu restaurant, we pass through the parking lot at the back of the landing place, from where route nr. 8 starts too. We follow the route of the highway until we reach the forester road of Paraul Oii, close to the kilometer stone nr. 24. From here we can ascend 2.5 km more on the highway to the Heroes’ Graveyard. The forester road ascends on the valley of the Sheep brook and we arrive at the cross that marks the beginning of the tourist route nr. 12. We go past a house and enter the forest where a more difficult ascent is waiting for us. After 15 minutes we pass by a sheep pen and we soon reach the bridge of the Hasmas brook. Here we leave the forester road. It is here that starts the tourist road that goes through the valley of the Sheep brook and reaches the Ciofronca Clearing. From the vicinity of the brook the blue line marking ascends to the crest between the sheep brook and Hasmas brook, on a country lane. After a 200 meters ascent we reach a belvedere point. The steep ascent continues and after a short while it turns to the right and enters the forest. We arrive at a forested crest and in 15 minutes’ time we arrive under the Horseshoe Stone, the corner of the White Clearing. From here we take the road already known from the description of the previous route.

Route nr. 10

The center of the Lacu Rosu resort (967 m) – The Stone Balcony (1007) – the valley of the Suhard brook – the Licas stone (1675 m) – the carstic cave Licos (1650 m)

Marking: the blue cross

Duration: 4 hours. 
Distance: 6 km. 
Level difference: 708 m, almost impracticable during wintertime. 

This route starts from the center of the station. From the mouth of the Suhard brook to the edge of the Lacu Rosu this route is identical to route nr. 2. From here we follow the forester road from the valley of the brook. We pass by a forest range and we walk until we reach the end of the road (1 km). Up to here we can take a car drive too. From here we take a larger path also in the valley of the brook.
After 500 meters of ascent the valley becomes wider. We reach a clearing and here the brook passes through a swampy region. We soon reach the source of the brook from where the tourist marking leads to the west on a hunter path. We reach the Licas Saddle (1461 m) and we pass by a sheep pen. The marking heads towards north – west and ascends to the Piatra Licas peak (1675 m). At only 200 meters north – east from the peak, at an altitude of 1650 meters we come across the vertical cave Avenul Licas, the one and only cave known in the region. It can be accessed only with mountaineering equipment. 

Route nr. 11

The Center of Lacu Rosu resort (967 m) – the Red Stone Saddle – the Ghilcos Clearing – the Belvedere Ghilcos Stone (1378 m)

Marking: the red triangle

Duration: 2 hours. 
Distance: 4 km. 
Level difference: 411 m, accessible all year round.

We start from the center of the resort on the Bicajel forester road, along the skislope. Before the road reaches the Red Stone Saddle, an almost impracticable rocky road ascends to the right, very steeply, followed by the red triangle. We climb through the forest and after a few hundred meters we turn to the right. After a few other hundred meters the road turns to the left. In a few minutes we reach the forester mark nr. VIII / 20 and we reach the Ghilcos Clearing. We pass through the clearing towards south – west. We pass by the ruins of a building and we reach the belvedere point Piatra Ghilcos (1378 m). If we want to climb the highest peak in the region, the Ghilcos peak (1408 m) we must walk 1 km eastward, but because the peak is forested, there is not much we can see there.

Route nr. 12

The Valley of the Sheep Brook (1012 m) – Paleu’s Clearing (1242 m) – Jgheabului Clearing – the valley of the Jgheabul Cherecului brook – the small village Bicajel (885)

Marking: the red point

Duration: 2 hours. 
Distance: 4,3 km. 
Level difference: 230 meters, accessible all year round.

If we start from the resort the first part of the route is identical to route nr. 9. From the cross that is at a 1,1 km distance from the beginning of the forester road we climb a country road, which soon passes by a forest district. After 30 minutes we reach Paleu’s Clearing, where, near the forester mark VIII/92 we come across the blue dot marking, that leads to the White Clearing.
We soon reach the Jgheabului Clearing and the blue dot marking leaves the valley of the Jgheabul Cherecului brook and it continues to the north, following route nr. 7, and leads back to the resort.
From the forking of the routes marked by the red dot and the blue dot it is worth taking a side drift to Piatra Cherecului. Then we come back in the valley of the Jgheabul Cherecului brook. After 1.5 km we reach the place called La Bechet from where we descend in a few minutes to the bridge of Bicazul Mic, which marks the end of the marked path. In summer time, those who are not afraid of the cold water, can descend the Duruitoare Gorges or La Cascada, where the waterfalls will refresh them. 

Route nr. 13

The Lacu Rosu (landing place) (983 m) – the Ghilcos Clearing (1210 m) – the Ghilcos Stone (Belvedere) (1378 m)

Marking: he blue dot

Duration: 2 hours. 
Distance: 3,5 km. 
Level difference: 395 m, accessible all year round.

We start from the parking lot behind the landing place. The first part of the route, up to the Ghilcos Clearing is identical to route nr. 8. The lane ascends steeply on the only extant route on the Ghilcos Stone. From the separation point at 200 meters we arrive at a source. From here the path turns northward and after an ascent of 20 minutes we reach the belvedere point Ghilcos Stone (1378 m). It is here that we come across the red triangle marking of route nr. 11, route that we can walk to reach back to the resort.


Duration: 3 hours. 
Distance: 5 km. 
Level difference: 425 meters, difficult to walk in wintertime.

We start from the kilometer stone nr. 29 of the highway DN 12C. We walk through the Gorges, guided by the red triangle marking, which starts from the Floarea de Colt (Edelweis) Villa (burnt down) towards north – east. The more and more steep path ascends the mixed forest (resinuous and broad-leaved forests. After 200 meters we reach the most spectacular waterfall of the Lapos brook. After 600 meters we pass under the Lapos – Kucsma cliff. On the other side of the brook the horizon is covered by the western wall of the Shrine of the Stone. Following the steep tourist path we soon leave the Canyon. Gradually the path leads under the rocky wall of the Cupas Stone, and opposite it the Lapos Stone (the Bardocz Stone) guards the path.
The route is made more difficult by the numerous fir tree trunks uprooted by the storms,but we are helped by many guiding signs. Soon the ascent becomes easier and then the path descends along the brook. We come across another spectacular waterfall and then we leave the canyon under the rocks that seem to hang over our heads. Near the houses of Cupas the road drifts to the left, then ascends for about 500 meters, drifting again to the left and ascends the the Cupas Neck (1275 m) at the forester mark VIII / 430. We descend the clearing at the back of Cupas and we walk on the path marked by the red cross, then by the red dot, to the place where we have started from. 

Route nr. 16

Bicaz Gorges (850 m) – the Tifra Saddle (1002 m) – the belvedere point on the southern wall (1060 m) – the Maria Stone (1048 m)

Marking: the yellow triangle From Tifra Saddle on there is no marking.

Duration: 1 1/2 hour. 
Distance: 2,5 km. 
Level difference: 210 meters, accessible all year round.

We start from the Bicaz Gorges, from the place where there once was the Edelweis Villa. We climb the Small Serpentine until we get near the Stone Gate, on the route marked with the yellow triangle, from the starting point of the road through the forest. We climb to the Tifra Saddle with the guidance of the yellow triangle marking. We can reach this place taking other routes as well, from the center of the resort and following the same yellow triangle marking.
In the Tifra saddle, on the side of the road we can see the ruins of a house. At its back we ascend a steep rocky path towards north – east. After we reach the plateau of the peak, we come across a path that leads us to the belvedere point towards the Bicazul Mic Gorges This is the belvedere point of the southern wall (1060 m). We go back to the path, cross the plateau and descend on the saddle which is at an altitude of 1021 meters. From here we walk about 200 meters towards north – east, to the Maria Stone, the belvedere point on the north – eastern wall (1048 m). The Bicazul Mic brook flows in the Bicazul Mare brook, 300 meters below where we are. 

Route nr. 17

Izvoru Oltului – Balan – The Lonely Stone Chalet

Marking: the blue strip

Duration: 3-3,5 hours

The route starts from the Izvoru Oltului railway station, from where one can travel to Balan (at a 12 km distance) by bus. The marking of the route towards the Lonely Stone chalet starts from the church which is in the middle of the town. The duration of the route corresponds to the taking of the complete route on foot. From Balan to the chalet this amounts to about 1 hour, 1 hour and a half. The ascent to the Lonely Stone starts from the church, where there is a marking pole with an arrow. Ascending towards north east along the Covaci brook we walk on the road that leaves the town. At its end there is the marked path contoured first along the valley and then on a mountain foot. It is marked by marking poles. The ascent towards the chalet continues across a spruce forest disrupted at times by glades, with a nice view on the Varful Ascutit (the old name Ecem, 1707 m). At its bottom one can see large pebblestone fields. On its last segment the path leads us alongside inclined slopes leading at times to open spaces. From there one can see the imposing body of the Lonely Stone (improperly named as the Unique Stone). About 15 minutes prior to reaching the chalet, where the walk seems to be more difficult, we reach the region of the springs. This region marks the point of contact between the crystaline rocks and the lime. The source is a good opportunity for a little rest after the effort of taking this last segment of the route. The last few hundred meters that separate us from the chalet are easier to be walked after the short rest, especially that the landscape, more and more interesting as we advance, makes one curious.

Route nr. 18

The Tarcau railway station – Lunca de Jos (village)- the Nascalat peak – the Lonely Stone chalet

Marking: the Tarcau station – Lunca de Jos – the Condra cross – the red cross
the Condra cross – the Lonely Stone chalet – the red strip

Duration: 7 hours

The Tarcau station is on the Adjud – Ciceu line at a 120 km distance from Adjud and 29 km distance from Ciceu. The described route represents the way to access the Hasmas Mountain and it is especially recommended to tourists coming from Moldavia. The first signs of the road (red cross) start from the Tarcau station. They first lead to the asphalt highway and then to the communal road along the bank of the Trotus. Soon the road curves to the right, leaves the Trotus river and enters the Dark Valley. We walk for 4 km among the houses of the Dark Valley village then we leave the village through its northern gate and ascend to the confluence of the Mogyoros brook with the Hotarul brook. The left bank of the Hotarul brook has a cart road. We walk along it and pass by some huts, forested segments or places with springs. When we arrive in the clearing we take the cart road to the right. We ascend to Chinga Sei where we come across the wooden Condra cross. From here there starts the red strip marking which leads us to the Lonely Stone chalet. (13 km) From the cross one can see the grassy peak of Salamas mountain. The path, oriented towards north (left) is contoured very close to the crest. We pass by the 1501 cote, the Salamas peak (1551 meters) and, after having walked some culminations, we reach the first peak of Nascalat (1553 m). Up to this point the region is full with sheep pens. Owing to its position the Nascalat peak shows to the right a broad perspective towards the Lavardi valley, which is the western limit of the Hasmas in this region. On the other side, towards the left the Nascalat valley deepens. Continuing the route from the peak we descend along a shepherds’ path which lies on the western slope, to avoid the second Nascalat peak (1491 m) and it passes through a forested segment. Then we descend in the broad saddle. The descent takes its end in the Tarcau Clearing which lies between the Sacadat saddle and the Stancilor peak (Tarcau).

We are in a carstic region of a great scientific value. In the Tarcau Clearing we meet (coming from the left) the road that crosses the mountain from Balan in the valley of Bicajel to the Trei Fantani settlement. On a short segment we follow this road towards the right, then we turn left and follow a cart road. On it we ascend to the grassy face of the mountain. The road takes from the bottom to the peak of the Rocks (Piatra Crapata ori Tarcau) after which, with ups and downs it reaches a shepherd settlement. From here the route passes through a forested region along which there are a few mine holes. From time to time we come across clearings elongated leftwards, towards the Ecem (Brother) peak, or Piatra Ascutita (its new name) (1707 m). This is a major peak on our route. If we climb on the plateau of the Ecem mountain we will discover an interesting carstic region and we will also get a panoramic view of the Olt Valley. The last road segment descends through the forest, it then crosses a void from the crest line. When it again ascends, it goes leftwards and again enters the forest. We are led by the marking only at the descent. We finally cross a swampy region beyond which there is a source. From here, passing under the sculpture – like limestone towers of the Lonely Stone and of the sliding phenomena at their base, we arrive at the Lonely Stone. 


3. Where we slept


Romania country. In Hasmas, we’ve stayed in Cabana piatra Singuratica that is located on the 1504 m altitude. This place is very confortable to sleep and to spend time with friends. The price is very cheap. You should pay 15 ron per person. There are 2 rooms by the way. Here in this Caban, you can also eat and drink something such as tea, coffee, vegetables , soup etc. So we slept there for 2 long nights.









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